Asbestos is a naturally mineral found in some rocks, sediments and soils worldwide. In ancient times due to its heat resistance, tensile strength and insulation properties it has been used extensively in many areas ranging from fire protection vests to cement and to house insulation by joining the structure of the fabric. Besides these properties, it has been banned in more than 50 countries due to its very toxic and carcinogenic properties.
There are 5 known types of asbestos;
Asbestos exposure is associated with many diseases such as mesothelioma, lung cancer, and asbestosis which mainly affects the lung structure. The most important exposures are occupational and environmental. Inhalation of air containing asbestos rarely causes immediate health problems. The presence of asbestos in the respiratory air is by no means safe but asbestos related lung diseases are associated with intense, recurrent, and chronic exposures.
Asbestos is a highly carcinogenic substance. When it enters the body by inhalation or drinking water it causes various diseases, especially cancer. Some of the diseases caused by asbestos are benign diseases such as fluid accumulation between lung membranes, calcification, thickening of the lining of the lungs and formation of connective tissue in lung tissue. It can also cause skin wounds. Asbestos is classified in group 1 in the list of carcinogenic substances of the International Agency for Research on Cancer.
Hazardous exposures occur mostly in occupational settings. Demolition of buildings for civil works and urban regeneration can be particularly dangerous because many commonly used building materials contain asbestos. In this sense, it is of utmost importance to take measures to prevent asbestos exposure of employees and to prevent health risks.
According to regulations it is important to carry out these operations by asbestos dismantling worker / specialist who has completed the training program and received the certificate of completion of the course, risk assessment, environmental measurements, taking measures to prevent exceeding the limit values, employee training and health inspections are important for protecting many employees.
What Are The Damages Of Asbestos?
Asbestos is a carcinogenic substance. It paves the way for many serious diseases. In buildings with asbestos, asbestos fibers appear during renovation or demolition and may remain suspended in the air for a long time. Inhalation of these can cause cancer and lung diseases.
- Asbestos can cause skin wounds when contacted with skin
- Breathing in an environment with asbestos fibers will damage the lung
- Asbestos fibers cause the formation of wounds and stiffness of the lungs which is called asbestosis.
- Another disease caused by asbestos is Mesothelioma, which is a cancer of the lining of the lining of the abdomen. Mesothelioma manifests itself with shortness of breath. Lung x-ray and tomography are needed for definitive diagnosis. In addition, ultrasound examination and associated biopsy may be required for definitive diagnosis. It is possible to get a positive result if surgical intervention is applied in the early period but if the necessary intervention is late.
- In asbestos related diseases the duration of exposure and the amount of asbestos fibers in the environment are also important. Diseases occur 10 years or 20 years after exposure to asbestos.
- Among those exposed to asbestos for a long time the risk increases especially for smokers.
- Asbestos causes water to accumulate between the lung membranes, thickening of the lung membrane, and tissue destruction in the lung structure.
What Should Be Done To Avoid Asbestos?
- Persons working in areas where asbestos is used must careful,
- Workers must take all kinds of security equipments especially masks,
- Occupational exposure to asbestos must also have sufficient information about the diseases,
- Settlement should be prohibited in area.